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Herbs for brood fowl

Posted by Rey Bajenting on October 5, 2012 at 5:45 AM Comments comments (0)

About a month before you start mating, the breeders should be deloused, dewormed and treated to bacterial flushing. Deworm the chickens with a reliable dewormer. Deloused them. Then give antibiotics for flushing. For this purpose, instead of chemical antibiotics, we give garlic, a natural antibiotic. Garlic has Allicin, an antibacterial compound. Because of this garlic is known as nature’s antibiotic.

 

We at RB Sugbo Gamefowl Technology only use commercial pharmaceutical antibiotics when there is outbreak of disease. However, it is known that among the bad effects of antibiotic is that it cannot distinguish good bacteria from the bad, thereby killing both. It is therefore necessary that we give probiotic to the breeders after bacterial flushing to replenish the good bacteria killed by antibiotic. We also advice that you incorporate in the nutrition program probiotic and organic feeding methods.

 

The day after the bacterial flushing is completed immediately start giving probiotics such as Super Manok performance enhancer probiotic supplement, or any other good probiotic product. The two most opportune time to start probiotic application are on the first day of the chicks life and after use of antibiotics. In both cases, the good bacteria in the probiotics will have a good foothold in the micro flora of the chicken in the absence of rival bad bacteria.


Also give the breeders ample vitamin supplement. B complex and vitamins A,D,E. the hens need lots of calcium and phosphorous. The probiotics will help in the efficient absorption of nutrients, including vitamins and minerals.

 

Another very important element to aid fertilility and well being are herbs. Mix malunggay leaves and onions with the feed. Malunggay or moringa will increase the brood fowl’s fertility.

 

For feeds, give breeders pellets. Pick breeders’ pellet brands without antibiotic additive.

 

We at RB Sugbo also give our breeders flax seed for additional Omega 3 that will aid in egg laying rate , egg quality and fertility. It is also better to check the ph level of the water we give our chickens. Avoid water that is too acidic. Most tap water are on the acidic side and are chlorinated.

 

Trim the spurs of the cock. Long spurs will hurt the hens. Trim the vent feathers of both the brood cocks and hens.

 

Brood cocks should be just a little over their fighting weight. The hens should be neither too fat nor too thin.

 

Separate the brood cock from the hens when feeding. Otherwise the brood cock will offer its share to the hens.

RB Sugbo sets digital demo on Rooster Biotech

Posted by Rey Bajenting on June 23, 2012 at 6:40 AM Comments comments (0)

Bio technology is the method of the future for the game fowl. But believe it or not, the inspiration that drew a research group into coming out with a technology it calls “Rooster Biotechnology” came from the past. Bio dynamic farming is not new. What is new is its application on game fowl raising and the products that are being used.

Thus, inspired by its recent advances in its “Rooster Biotech” and the desire to share it with the masang sabungero, RB Sugbo Gamefowl Technology is preparing a digital demonstration featuring bio technology. It is entitled “Fast Forward to the Past.” (Click here link to the trailer found at the article "Digital demonstration on biotechnology for game fowl released soon"  http://blakliz.wordpress.com/)

The digital presentation will come in 3 parts. Part 1 will be an introduction to bio technology for game fowl. Part 2 will be the role of environment. The last part will deal on the role of probiotics.

The digital version will be complemented by a downloadable e-pamphlet that will explain further the idea and application of Rooster Biotechnology.

Both the digital and the accompanying e-pamphlet will be available next month. Complete details of its release will be announced on the July, 2012 issue of Roosterman online magazine.

Rooster Biotech which is being implemented this year at Scorpion Ox Gamefarm in Argao, Cebu has registered its best year in terms of crop quality and harvest.

Among the bloodlines being tested in the project are RB Sugbo’s ponkan, sugbo lemon and the blakliz; as well as the different sweaters, hatches and yellow legged hatch of Scorpion Ox.

RB Sugbo Gamefowl Technology has been promoting natural, organic and probiotic methods in raising game fowl. These methods will not only produce better chickens, they will also show that we sabungeros are also concerned with the ecology. RB Sugbo’s Rooster Biotech method is aimed at achieving the purpose.

 

Pleasant ecosystem grows good chicken

Posted by Rey Bajenting on June 5, 2012 at 11:30 AM Comments comments (0)

The RB Sugbo bio-organic management system or Rooster Biotech, is aimed at instituting harmonious interrelationship between land and animals, and respect for their physiological and behavioral needs. This can be achieved by a combination of providing proper feeds and probiotic supplement; appropriate stocking rates, overall animal husbandry systems that fit behavioral needs, and management practices that seek to promote health and wellness and prevent diseases.

Every game fowl breeder aspires for healthy stock. As healthy young chickens grow into mighty fierce warriors. And, we believe that on pleasant ecosystem grows healthy and good chickens.

It is important to understand that biological farming is not new. Generations of farmers have successfully followed this farming method. They knew how to work the land and understood the process of harnessing nature. Biological farming today is a system that uses nature and science to build the quality of the soil with the understanding that healthy soil will be able to support healthy crops and livestock. It takes advantage of natural processes, which promote good soil, healthy crops, and healthy animals. This means using natural systems to improve soil structure; control weeds, pests, and diseases, and improve crop and livestock quality.

Soil that is healthy contains a balance between the organic particles that serve as plant food and the living micro-organisms like bacteria, fungi, algae and the larger ones like earthworms. These organisms process and decompose the inert mineral and organic materials, thereby feeding the plants. An optimally productive soil contains a perfect balance of inorganic minerals, organic (carbon-based) materials, and living organisms, all contained within a physical structure that absorbs and holds water to facilitate natural chemical reactions that feed plants perfectly.

Excessive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides can upset this balance in the soil, the exact opposite of what is required.  

Biological farming, when applied to game fowl, also makes economic sense. The input costs of antibiotics and chemicals are reduced as the healthier chickens are more disease resistant. 

The biological approach to farming yields soil that is healthy and able to support healthy crops. These crops are nutrient dense – meaning that they contain higher concentrations of plant sugars, minerals and amino acids and therefore have a higher nutritional value. And, these plants and microorganism in the soil will be eaten by the chickens providing a balance nutrient input and better absorption. Biological method applied to game fowl raising is by no means the easiest method but the results are worth it and following a biological approach means that Nature will always be there to lend a hand.

 

 

 

Probitics: Selective exclusion

Posted by Rey Bajenting on December 23, 2010 at 3:07 AM Comments comments (1)

PROBIOTICS are a dietary supplement that increase the population of the 'good' bacteria (micro flora), which are needed in the intestinal tract in order to process food properly. The use of probiotics as a daily supplement has become a popular routine in the commercial poultry industry, particularly following antibiotic treatment. One commonly known probiotic is called Lactobacillus Acidophilus, and is naturally occurring in some food such as yogurt. But direct application through a liquid or powdered form mixed into drinking water is the most effective route.

Good bacteria also help fight off the bad bacteria that passes through the system, before it has a chance to take hold. Introducing probiotics into the digestive system everyday to ward off bacterial infection is known as 'selective exclusion'.

 

Selective exclusion is a very good way to keep your birds healthy and disease resistant throughout their life. I use probiotics in my ownflock, along with a vitamin and mineral supplement on a daily basis. I also use probiotics before, during, and after both showing and breeding. For showing,the probiotics help the birds ward off most illnesses they could become exposed to in that environment. For breeding, one benefit is the tendency of the laying hens to drink more water, when the water is treated with flavored probiotics.Both breeding and showing are very stressful times in your birds' lives, and the vulnerability to disease increases during those times. The use of probiotics helps to reduce that vulnerability.

During times of stress or the use of antibacterials (antibiotics), hormonal changes can occur, causing the pH of the small intestine to rise. This allows existing bad bacteria to take a foothold in the lining of the intestine because of the deterioration of the protective mucus lining. Because of this, the 'villi' (little fingers), which normally exist in the small intestine, can be lost. Villi slow the movement of food as it passes through so that nutrients can be absorbed through the intestinal wall. The term 'going light' can occur when villi are lost. Increasing good gut bacteria through the use of probiotics will compete against the bad bacteria, change the pH environment, allow nutrient absorption, and prevent infection. Probiotic treatment has also shown anability to stimulate appetite - a valuable thing when trying to maintain theweight of an ailing bird.

If you're not inclined to use probiotics on a daily basis, then at least consider their use immediately following antibiotic treatment. When your bird is treated with antibiotics, all bacteria are killed off - good and bad.Treating with probiotics immediately after the use of antibiotics, help tore populate the gut with the good bacteria. In many cases, this can ward off asecondary infection, such as E Coli. E. Coli has been shown to exist invirtually all manure samples, but only becomes a problem when the digestive environment is friendly to its reproduction.



(Thanks to K.J. Theodore for contributing this poultry article to poultryOne.com. )

 


Technology for Filipino chicken farmers

Posted by Rey Bajenting on November 28, 2010 at 2:14 AM Comments comments (0)

All-purpose chicken raising:

Technology for the Filipino chicken farmer

 

              Pastured fighting chickenis not only best fit for fighting. It also boasts of the most delicious chicken meat, and lays the most nutritious eggs.

 

               Contrary to what animal rights movement’s claim that cockfighters forced the gamefowl to fight, the truth was thousands of years ago, chickens already fought in the wild.

                Indeed, they were domesticated for the purpose of the sport of chicken fighting, because, even then, it was their nature, to fight.

                But, behold! The chicken also did lay nutritious eggs,and did serve as delicious meal. Thus, the ingenious man, created breeds of chickens for laying and breeds of chickens for meat.

                Notwithstanding that the brave fighting chicken served these additional purposes as well.

                Now, here’s a technology that has come full cycle.With all the scientific advancement, we found ourselves moving forward to the past.

                Afterall,the pastured fighting chicken is the best fit for fighting, boasts of the most delicious meat, and lays the most nutritious eggs.

 

Organic gamefowl: Not a bad proposition

                The Philippine native chicken is the common fowl found in the backyards of most rural households. It is a mixture of different breeds and believed to have descended from the domesticated red jungle fowl.

                Pilipino native chicken are raised under the free- range system of management or pasturing. Under this system of management, the chickens are allowed to forage and look for their own food.

                The raising of native chickens is an integral part of the farming systems of the Filipino farmers as they are the main source of eggs and meat for backyard farmers.

                Native chickens are well known for their adaptability to local agro-climatic conditions, hardiness, ability to utilize farm-by-products and resistance to diseases. Moreover, they require minimal care, management and inputs.

                With today’s food and health concerns, native chickens produced organically or with lesser vitamins, minerals and antibiotics in their body is the “in” thing. Organic native chicken is gaining popularity. The meat produced out of this chicken commands higher price, and there is a better meat quality that is tender, meatier, and tastier.

                Its cousin, the American gamefowl, which also originated from the red jungle fowl,raised in similar manner as the native chicken has all the advantages of thePilipino native chicken in terms of meat and egg production. However, themales, which are gamefowl and thus, could be used for fighting, command up to20 times the price of a male Pilipino chicken. Not a bad proposition, at all.The hens can be sold as meat, (killed and sold per kilo) or breeders (alive and for higher prices.)

                With this idea in mind RB Sugbo Gamefowl Technology integrated gamefowl management with  pastured chicken farming to come up with a technology suited for production of an all-purpose chicken. RB Sugbo GT also developed strains of gamefowl appropriate for the purpose.

                If one can survive or even make a business out of raising Pilipino native chicken,why not with the American gamefowl?

 

What is Pastured Poultry?

                RB Sugbo’s all-purpose chicken raising is anchored on pastured poultry techniques.Pastured Poultry relies on raising chickens directly on green pasture. The model has been developed worldwide over the last twenty years and allows the birds to receive a significant amount of pasture forage as feed. The birds are kept on fresh pasture, which allows the birds to be raised in a cleaner, healthier environment. Pastured poultry is raised the old fashioned way; on fresh green pasture and wholesome grain. The Pasture Poultry offers ecological and nutritional advantages."

                The fundamentals of this system are

(1) portable buildings and yards; (2) fresh forage; (3) birds moved to fresh pasture paddocks daily, or almost daily.

                The critical element in nutritionally superior poultry is the amount of forage the birds ingest.  The green material of fresh forage provides B vitamins as well as carotenes, some of which the chicken turns into vitamin A. Omega-3 fatty acids in the forage end up in the fat. Exposure to sunlight ensures that the fat will also contain vitamin D.

Poultry raised on open grass, instead of in over-crowded lots, are high in beneficial fats and other factors that lower cholesterol and greatly reduce degenerative disease in the consumer! Eating large proportions of living greenplants, while foraging for insects and seeds and myriad other natural commodities that science hasn't identified yet, and with minimal need for medication, grass fed animals create more vibrant health than other poultry. Moreover, the meat and eggs are incredibly tasty compared to general market chicken.

 

 Probiotics: Help Produce Safer, HealthierChickens

Probiotics is also an important concern of all-purpose chicken raising. Giving chickens probiotics– dietary supplements that contain live beneficial bacteria – stimulates their immune system and reduces the Salmonella bacteria in their gut by more than 99 per cent, a University of Guelph professor and an Agriculture andAgri-Food Canada food researcher have found.

“We looked at the immune-enhancing ability of the probiotic and, lo and behold, the probiotic actually seems to be quite an immune stimulator,” said Shayan Sharif, a pathobiology professor in the Ontario Veterinary College, who worked in collaboration with James Chambers of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Their research was recently published in Clinical and Vaccine Immunology.

This means chickens treated with probiotics early in life are able to mount higher immune responses and, as a result, may be better protected against disease-causing microbes, said Sharif. “After looking at the antibodies in the intestine and blood of the chickens, we found that the antibodies were more than twice as high in chickens treated with probiotics.

RB Sugbo formulates and produces its own probiotics agent for use in its all purpose chicken technology. The outfit also recommends the use of certainpro-biotic products easily available in the market today.

All-Purpose Chicken Raising

Posted by Rey Bajenting on March 28, 2010 at 1:01 PM Comments comments (1)

All-purpose chicken raising

By Rey Bajenting


Ang manok na sa pagalaan, sa bukirin o sa linang lumaki ay mas maige kaysa manok na sa maliit na kulungan o yarda lang inalagaan. Mas matibay ang pangangatawan, mas maige ang pagunlad ng kalamanan at pagiisip, at mas malakas at mabilis ang manok na laki na pinagala sa madamo at malaking lugar. Nakakain ito ng mga damo, halaman at prutas, at ng mga insekto uod at bulate. Kung ilalaban an ganitong manok mas magagaling at matitibay kaysa laking kulungan. Kung gawin namang karne, mas masarap ang lasa.

Ang kaalamang ito ang nag-udyok sa RB Sugbo Gamefowl Technology na isali sa programa ang bio-organic gamefowl raising. Ang hangad ay ang gawing panlaban ang mga lalaki at karne ang mga babae at reject na lalaki. Kung may nagaalaga pa ng native chickens para karne at kumikita naman, di hamak, na mas malaki ang kikitain kung sa halip na native chicken ang aalagaan, manok Amerikano nalang na maaring pansabong

Pagpapalahi.  Napakadali ang sistema na ito ng RB Sugbo. Una pumili ng mga tatyaw dalawa, tatlo o marami depende sa lugar at sa makakayanan. I-cord ang tatyaw na malalayo sa isa’t-isa sa loob ng nakabakod na malaking yarda o pagalaan. Samahan ng mga inahin. Kahit lima hanggang sampung inahin sa bawat tatyaw. Samakatuwid kung dalawang tatyaw maaring hanggang dalawampung inahin ang pagsamasamahin natin. Ang tawag natin dito ay controlled natural selection mating.

Pagpapapisa .  Maglagay sa loob ng yarda ng pabahay kung saan doon matutulog ang mga inahin sa gabi, at ito na rin ang magsilbeng nesting area. Maglagay tayo ng nests kung saan sila mangingitlog. Isang nest sa bawat apat o limang inahin tama na. Hindi naman lahat ay sabay na mangitlog at maglilim.

Walang kailangan ng incubator ang mga inahin na mismo ang kusang maglimlim. Pag may napisa na ilipat ang inahin kasama ang mga sisiw sa isang brooding pen. Diretso sa lupa ang mga sisiw.

Pagmalakilaki na ang mga sisiw binubuksan ang pintuan sa araw upang ang mga sisiw ay makagala sa labas ng pen habang ang inahin ay nakatali sa loob. Ang pen na ito ay portable na linilipat bawat dalawa o tatlong araw. Palaging malinis ang lupa na kinalalagyang ng mga sisiw at saka sariwa ang damo. Darating ang panahon na ang mga sisiw ay hihiwalay na sa inahin at hindi na babalik sa loob ng brooding pen. Sa labas na ang mga ito matutulog. Kaya sa loob ng tinatawag natin na brooding yard, ay may mga pabahay din kung saan doon makakatulog ang mga sisiw sa gabi. Sa gabi pag nasa loob na ang mga sisiw sinasara ito upang walang hayop na makapasok na maaring kumain sa mga sisiw.

Pagpagala.  Sa edad na tatlong buwan pinapalabas na natin ang mga sisiw sa brooding yard papunta sa mas malaking pagalaan, ang free range area. Pero bago ito gawin dapat ay kumpleto na ang ating vaccination o bakuna. Sa RB Sugbo walang fixed na pabahay sa pagalaan. Ang ginagawa natin ay yong mga sisiw na pagagalain na ay pinatutulog natin ng dalawa o tatlong araw sa bahay na may gulong. Pagkatapos ay dahan-dahan nating ilabas at ilayo ang bahay na ito. Ilagay ito sa lugar na malayo sa ibang pabahay. Ito ang magiging kampo ng mga sisiw hanggang sa malaki na sila at sa mga punong kahoy na hahapon.

Sa edad na tatlong buwan pinipili na natin ang mga babae na ititira. Ang iba ay kinakatay at pinagbibili bilang spring chicken. Ang iba ay binibili ng buhay para gawing palahian. Iba naman ang presyo nito kaysa kinakatay na por kilo lang ang presyo.

Harvest . Pag naglaban-laban na ang mga binatilyo, hinuhuli ang mga ito at tinatali sa cord area. Ito ang ating harvest.

Pakain . Makakatipid tayo sa pakain dahil makakahanap ng pakain ang mga manok sa pagalaan. Lalo na’t kung sinusuportahan natin ng natural inputs ang pagalaan. Halimbawa maglagay tayo ng mga compost o bulok na punong kahoy kung saan maninirahan ang mga anay at insekto, at mga bulok na prutas at gulay. Kukunti na lang ang ating ibibigay na commercial feeds. O kaya’y mais at kukunting pellets na lang. Kasi ang protina, bitamina at mineral ay makukuha na ng manok galing sa lupa at sa pagalaan. Maghalo lang din tayo ng mumurahing gamot at suplement sa tubig.

Ang mga manok na pinalaki sa ganitong pamaraan ay matitibay sa labanan kung ilalaban. Ang mga babae o mga reject na lalaki na gagawing karne ay napakasarap dahil katukad ito ng native chicken. Ang itlog naman ng mga ito ay napakasustansya dahil punong puno sa omega 3 na makukuha sa damo at mga halaman sa pagalaan na kinakain ng manok. Kaya ang tawag natin nito ay all-purpose chicken raising.

Ang pamamaraan na ito ay tinutulak ngayon ng RB Sugbo sa layunin na makatulong sa mga marginal chicken farmers. May dalawang mahalagang bagay lang. Una ang uri at lahi ng manok na gagamitin. Ang karaniwang manok amerikano o gamefowl kasi ay hindi kasing tibay ng native chicken kung ang paguusapan ay ang katangiang mag survive kung hayaan lang sa linang. Piliin ang strain o lahi ng gamefowl na gagamitin.

Pangalawa ay pagaralan din ang teknolohiya o pamamaraan. Pero hindi mahirap at madali lang itong matutunan. Sa katunayan may mga pamahalaang local na na nagpakita ng interes na ito ay gawing bahagi ng kanilang mga livelihood program. May mga kumpaniya na rin na handang tumulong. Sa totoo hindi naman ito talagang bagong pamamaraan. Bagkus isa itong hy-brid o kumbinasyon ng pamamaraan na ang ideya ay angkop lang sa sitwasyon sa Pilipinas.

Oo, dahil sa ating napakalagong gamefowl industry. Sa ibang bansa kung gagawin mo ito, karne lang at itlog ang iyong mapapala dahil walang sabong doon. Pero dito sa atin mas malaki ang kikitain ng chicken farmer sa benta ng manok na gagawing panabong kaysa kikitain ng itlog at karne. Ang pamamaraan na ito ay angkop sa mga maliliit na chicken raiser o sa mga karaniwang sabungero na nais masiyahan sa pagsasabong na hindi naman mabigat sa bulsa. May dalawang mundo ang sabong. Ang mundo na ginagalawan ng mga tahor, bigtime breeders at cockers, at mga bigtime derby promoters. Ang isang mundo naman ay ang ginagalawan nating mga karaniwang sabungero at masang nagmamanok. Ang naunang mundo ay “can take care of itself” ika nga. Hindi nangangailangan ng tulong. Ang pangalawang mundo ay ang mundo na ang kailangang pagtuunan ng pansin dahil ang mga gumagalaw dito ang mga nangangailangan ng tulong.

Controlled Natural Selection Mating

Posted by Rey Bajenting on December 9, 2009 at 3:55 AM Comments comments (0)

 

 

Controlled natural selection

By Rey K. Bajenting

RB Sugbo Gamefowl Technology

(This is part of an article written by the author for Pit Games Magazine under his regular column "Secrets I learned from the Masters." The article is pubished in Pit games no. 27.)

      

          Nature may have endowed animals with the instinct necessary in an environment of survival of the fittest, but no doubt human intervention did wonders to the remarkable improvement of breeds of many kinds of animals from horses to cattle to dogs and to fowl.  As  breeder of gamefowl, is there a way to have the best of both worlds?

          It is said that when chickens are left alone in the wild, the male will pick from among the flock a few favorite hens to mate. Likewise, hens, when allowed to roam freely in a yard of corded roosters, will also have preferences. Meaning, chickens, when left on their own, rely on instinct to choose their own mates which they believe are best to insure the continuity and improvement of their genetic line. This is part of what is called natural selection process.

            When it is man who picked which broodcock to mate with which hen, it is called controlled selection process in forming, improving and/or propagating a bloodline.

            Naturalists believe that nature endowed cocks with the instinct to determine which hens,and vice versa, possessed  the right genes to combine with their own in order to produce better offspring in the succeeding generations. In short, they believe in the theory that nature knows best.

            On the other hand, others believe that man can always improve on nature. They maintain that human intervention is paramount in improving breeds and producing superior individuals, as science proved true, time and again, through the years.

            We, at RB Sugbo Gamefowl Technology, believe in both. We recognized the evidence of remarkable progress that abound in the various fields of breeding as result of man’s intervention. However, we also acknowledged that nature might have endowed chickens with deep instinct that man can never fathomed.

            Thus,we experimented with what we called “controlled natural selection” mating method. We used this method in breeding some of our battle pures, particularly of the ponkan bloodlines. For those who were not familiar or who had heard of the ponkans for the first time, here is a short backgrounder:

            RB Sugbo ponkan is not a color but a bloodline. The ponkan is one of the two bloodlines RB Sugbo has developed. The other is the blakliz. The ponkan is a blend of a sweater line, the lemon 84 and Lance’s roundhead. Ponkan, the original came from Doc Ayong Lorenzo, through our common friend Art Panuncillo. Ponkan’s blood constitutes 5/8 of the ponkan bloodline, thus, the name. The 84and the roundhead came direct from the originators themselves, Mr. Paeng Araneta and Mr. Lance de la Torre. I got ponkan the original in year 2000. The 84 and the roundhead two years later from the two distinguished breeders and gentlemen. It was during the time I went to Negros to research on the “History of the Philippine Lemon” which I wrote for Pitgames. Thus, I owed to my publisher, Manny Berbano, my introduction to theoutstanding lemon breeders and my initiation to the world of serious gamefowl breeding.

            The ponkan is RB Sugbo’s commercial line. The blakliz is personal. It is named after my wife Liz.  The blakliz is black. Though, Liz is not.

           The ponkan caters to ordinarycockers and the small- big timers. Among the loyal ponkan customers are AlanYaplito of Ozamis, Franklin Tan of Iligan, Simy Irigon, a cockpit operator and derby promoter in Calbayog, Western Samar, and his townmate Ronnie Rosales; Lemuel Go of Tacloban; Manalo brothers and Mison brothers of Clarin Bohol. Some politicians-- a couple of mayors in Cebu; and one in Sorsogon; and Dennis Aguilar, a councilor of Las Pinas. There are also Roy Abian and his friends from far-away Palawan; Adolp Lee as far south as Basilan and Dr. Delizo as far north as La Union. Among the recent converts are kamana Teofilo Morando of San Pedro, Laguna and Jayson Fajardo who is abroad. There are others but no super big-timers. The real big timers don’t buy cheap chickens. And, the ponkans are a bargain for its class and today’s standard.

            Now we go back to controlled natural selection. The process involves putting a number of broodcocks, say three or four, in the same yard along with a number of  hens, say a ratio of five hens or more per broodcock.  The broodcocks are corded far apart from one another. The hens are let loose in the yard. The hens will now have the choice of  which broodcock to go for mating. The broodcocks may also have the pick of which hen to mate among those who came nearby. In this sense, it is natural selection process at work. However, we see to it that the broodcocks are full brothers coming from one family of ponkan. And that all the hens belong to another ponkan line that is as far related to the broodcocks as possible inorder to avoid inbreeding.  Therefore, whichever broodcock mates with whichever hen, the outcome or the genetic composition of  the offspring is the same. In this sense, it is controlled.

            We only apply this method to produce some of our battlefowl, not all. Some lines do not result in uniformed offspring if mated this way. Because some lines are not characteristically pure as the others. We never do this to produce our broodfowl. We  only single mate to produce broodfowl.

            We have considered our experiment with this method a success. The offspring out of this method performed as good in the pit as the other sugbos. It is noteworthy,however, that chickens out of controlled natural selection had a higher survival rate as chicks and in the free range than the others. This could be because nature indeed gifted the chickens with the instinct necessary in the survival of  the  fittest environment.  Well, I have to consult with a real master on this. I will find time to discuss this topic with Dr. Andrew Bunan, the breeding and genetic expert.