This blog is by Rey Bajenting, founder of RB Sugbo Gamefowl Technology.
He is a gamefowl columnist, author and editor. He writes for Pit Games and LLamado magazines; Global Cockfight Live and Roosterman Int'l. He is also the author of the gamefowl column LLamado Tayo that for 2 years was carried daily by the defunct Tumbok, a tabloid of the Philippine Daily Inquirer group. He has been editor of the weekly Dyaryo Larga.
He is also author of several publications about gamefowl and cockfighting. He is the founder of Masang Nagmamanok (MANA), a nationwide movement for the welfare of the common chickenman.
Most of his life, Bajenting has been a chickenman, being a handler, conditioner and now a breeder. He started getting involved in cockfighting at age 9
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|Posted by Rey Bajenting on May 5, 2015 at 9:00 PM||comments (1)|
We all knew that sabungeros of the old times consulted the phases of the moon whenever they fought their roosters. Even today many sabungeros still practise moonscope in fighting their roosters or in betting travesia.
Our forefathers may not have known the reason, but the fact that they practised it for so long a time, would mean that somehow they had observed that it worked. Recently, studies showed that indeed the moon cycle had effects on life on earth including human and animal behavior.
Well, if that’s the case then there must be corresponding effects on the game fowl’s fighting performance.
About a decade ago, RB Sugbo Gamefowl Technology conducted a study on the biorhythm of game fowl performance. This study when released created some stir. It was later translated and published in Spanish and Vietnamese.
The RB Sugbo study confirmed that If left alone, under normal conditions, game fowls have natural bio rhythm that guides their individual fighting performances.
After 24 sparring sessions the chart showed a clear correlation between the performance of certain birds with that of the lunar cycle.
It showed that fowls' performances are guided by a cycle of four phases consisting of 7 days each.
Coincidence or whatever, the lunar cycle is also of 4 phases of 7 days each.
Now, in a mixture of the old and the new, a Filipino, Emmanuel Lauron Dela Torre, has managed to create an application that will suppose to guide sabungeros on what type of roosters will most likely win on a given day based on the lunar cycle. And believe it or not, the said application has passed the standards of Apple and is now available from Apple Apps Market.
Fortunate are the i-phone user sabungeros as they can readily download said applications “Lucky Chicken” to their phones for only 5.99US$.
Lucky Chicken is a guide to selecting the lucky chickens for the day. For more about this read the next issue of Roosterman E-Mag No. 41.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on April 7, 2015 at 11:40 PM||comments (0)|
(This is the editorial of Roosterman E-Mag issue No. 40 released March, 2015)
The story of Jimmy Camposano, the current NFGB and EVGBA Breeder of the Year awardee, is a perfect example of a case of a small making big. Big, not in wealth, but in honor in the field dominated mostly by “big timers.”
In cockfighting, you may succeed if you are good. But even if you are not, you may still survive if you are rich. Many breeders seem to excel, not because they are good but because they can afford their mediocrity.
Because they are rich they can buy the most expensive materials from the grandest farms. Chances these materials are good, because the original breeders from where the rich buy them are competent breeders.
Then the rich breeders can produce as many chickens they want. When you have many chickens chances are you may find some aces.
Then they can participate in as many derbies as they want , including the biggest ones. They can even participate in a derby with multiple entries. So probability will see to it that these rich breeders will win once in a while.
But you cannot enjoy these luxuries if you are not rich. If you do not have money to throw away, you better be good. So Team Barsur must be good. First Barsur’s materials are not expensive, but very competitive. Coming from RB Sugbo GT, these bloodlines are dubbed the poor man’s champions. Then Team Barsur does not have thousand of chickens to select from, but the percentage of the better ones must be high. Finally, Team Barsur cannot afford to have multiple entries in the circuit, but as the team proved, one entry is enough.
Yet in the past breeders’ season Team Barsur won both the Eastern Visayas Gamefowl Breeders Association (EVGBA) and the National Federation of Gamefowl Breeders (NFGB) Breeder of the Year awards. And Team Barsur did it on its rookie year. Thus, indeed a Cinderella Finish done twice. What inspiration to small breeders like most of us.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on February 26, 2015 at 7:05 PM||comments (0)|
I am happy as a breeder.
Jimmy Camposano was one of the two that had tied for the NFGB Breeder of the Year for 2014-2015. In his journey to the top on his very first attempt, Jimmy bred and fought RB Sugbo bloodlines. He scored 25 wins-4 loses in official fights this season. He won both the EVGBA and NFGB BOTY awards. I’m happy because I am proud, my very own bloodlines, the Blakliz and Sugbo Lemon (with the help pf Blue Face from my Migo Jayson Garces) can compete with dignity against the best.
We all knew huge amount is necessary to start up a gamefowl breeding operation. This seemed to disqualify outright the ordinary aficionado from dreaming that someday he could have game fowl of his own creation. But, it did not deter me. I ventured into game fowl breeding armed only with realistic goals and determination to succeed. There was also the desire to help the ordinary game cock lovers by making available quality bloodlines at affordable prices. I did not regret the decision. With what Jimmy, his brother Rener and Lemuel Go made out of my bloodlines, I am now a happy and contented breeder.
However, I am much happier as a common sabungero.
As founder of Masang Nagmamanok (MANA), I am proud because Jimmy’s success has once again proved that with determination, talent and know how even the small can hit it big. Our efforts were not wasted.
Jimmy and Rener Camposano and Lemuel Go of Team Barsur congratulations and thank you very much. This time I will be your student.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on February 3, 2015 at 2:10 AM||comments (0)|
Bio game fowl
It is important to understand that biological farming is not new. Generations of farmers have successfully followed this farming method. They knew how to work the land and understood the process of harnessing nature. Biological farming today is a system that uses nature and science to build the quality of the soil with the understanding that healthy soil will be able to support healthy crops and livestock. It takes advantage of natural processes, which promote good soil, healthy crops, and healthy animals. This means using natural systems to improve soil structure; control weeds, pests, and diseases, and improve crop and livestock quality.
Soil that is healthy contains a balance between the organic particles that serve as plant food and the living micro-organisms like bacteria, fungi, algae and the larger ones like earthworms. These organisms process and decompose the inert mineral and organic materials, thereby feeding the plants. An optimally productive soil contains a perfect balance of inorganic minerals, organic (carbon-based) materials, and living organisms, all contained within a physical structure that absorbs and holds water to facilitate natural chemical reactions that feed plants perfectly.
Excessive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides and antibiotics can upset this balance in the soil, the exact opposite of what is required.
Biological farming, when applied to game fowl, also makes economic sense. The input costs of antibiotics and chemicals are reduced as the healthier chickens are more disease resistant.
Biological methos applied to game fowl raising is by no means the easiest method but the results are worth it and following a biological approach means that Nature will always be there to lend a hand.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on January 5, 2015 at 9:50 AM||comments (0)|
I was privileged to meet in person the master breeder of Peruvian Navajeros Hoa Kien Phan and gained valuable insights into the finer points of raising and fighting Peruvian Navajeros. Yes Hoa, was in town for 10 days as personal guest of Philippine Peruvian Gamefowl Breeders Organization (PPGBO) president Jayson Garces. And, RB Sugbo Gamefowl Technology had the opportunity to compare with him notes on breeding, raising and fighting the Peruvian.
Hoa struck me as a real no-nonsense breeder.
(more on Peruvian Navajeros..... http://rbsugbo.wix.com/gamevitz-club#!Peruvians-for-the-tournaments/c1rdq/F454A449-82B5-44FD-96BE-672EA663C00B)
He is indeed a true lover and breeder of Peruvian Navajeros. With the Peruvians gaining popularity, we often fail to distinguish peddlers from genuine breeders. However, Hoa, the boyish, Fil-Vietnamese based in Tacoma, Washington, USA, is by no means a peddler of Peruvian game fowl as he is even hesitant to sell his birds. Lately though he has let go of some to accommodate what he called “very persistent buyers.”
Hoa has been breeding Peruvians for 15 years and he intends to continue breeding them as long as he can. He also used to breed American game for many years but he discarded them to concentrate on the Peruvians which he calls very special chicken.
In our discussion we covered a lot of topics about the special birds, from breeding to conditioning.
He said Peruvian Navajero is generic name of several Peruvian Bloodlines. Like the American Game, there are several bloodlines of Peruvians, but Peruvian game fowl are more known by the name of the breeder rather than the name of the bloodline.
Hoa also reiterated it is really dangerous to inbreed the Peruvian. If you want to continue breeding a certain Peruvian bloodline, you should get your brood fowl from different breeders. In Hoa’s case he has several families of certain bloodlines that he can continue producing pure of said bloodlines without resorting to inbreeding.
Conditioning method for Peruvian is not the same with American Game. According to Hoa Peruvians conditioning takes 21 days Hoa feeds only grains during the entire conditioning period. No pellets. For supplement he gives b12 injection, total of 1 ml divided into three doses given once a week.
For more about breeding and conditioning the Peruvian read the complete article on Roosterman E-mag No. 38 (http://rbsugbo.wix.com/gamevitz-club#!blank/c2z4) or on Notes on the Peruvian 2, an update of the original Notes on the Peruvian... (http://rbsugbo.wix.com/gamevitz-club#!Notes-on-the-Peruvian/c1rdq/692931C5-31FE-4087-A0E0-3FE2BBE23456)
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on December 20, 2014 at 10:55 PM||comments (0)|
We have read somewhere that Holidays have meanings. All Saints’ Day, remembering the departed; Christmas, good will toward all; Valentine’s Day celebrates romance; Independence day is freedom.
How about New Year?
Well New Year could be about taking stock. Of what we have done and failed to do in the past year and what we want to achieve in the new.
To us game fowl breeders and fanciers New Year is all about achievements and failures and dreams too.
Check the records. Look for the bloodlines that made wonder, continue them. Find those that failed, discard them.
Then resolve to try new matings and combination for the coming year; not to make the same mistakes in the mating, raising and fighting your birds; aspire for much better methods and bloodlines.
Just much like life. Happy New Year to all.
Here's one of the most explosive issues of Roosterman. Peruvian breeder Ron Giron fires at enemies. with all guns ablaze. Hits Jayson Garces, others. Also read how a recipient of RB Sugbo/MANA gamefowl dispersal program became Eastern Visayas GBA BOTY. In another arrticle Hoa Kien Phan gives tips on Peruvians. The American legend Mike Ratliff returns.... Read all these in Roosterman 38.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on November 23, 2014 at 6:45 PM||comments (1)|
Understanding is the foundation of knowledge. So it is always advisable to understand what you are doing, not just learn how to do it. Learn the ideas and principles of the conditioning facilities and exercises.
For example why is it better to have different sizes and designs for your conditioning pens? Why put the rooster in the scratch box? Why kahig is a good exercise? Why active rest?...Kamana Rey Bajenting explains not just the how, but the why so you will know the reason for every activity in conditioning the game fowl for battle….
See video on the why. of conditioning...click link. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dldANkW9N3c
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on September 24, 2014 at 9:40 AM||comments (0)|
One key to winning cockfights lies in this organ. What is this organ that is the real powerhouse of the rooster’s physical capability?
Well, If we want our game cock to perform at his best come fight day we should stimulate and protect his liver. Why? Because, the liver is a central laboratory of a chicken's body. It is essential that this organ is kept in an excellent condition.
The liver performs many complex functions to maintain homeostasis (harmony among all the systems of body). When the liver is affected due to any reason, efficiency of the liver comes down in detoxification and metabolic processes. This, in turn, affects the overall performance of the bird.
We know that the liver is one of the busiest organs in the body. Liver acts as a clearing house for substances that enter the body. It carries out a large number of important digestive, metabolic and excretory activities, all of which have a significant role not only on the rooster’s health but also on its fighting capabilities.
Liver is a vital organ involved in metabolism, storage, secretion, detoxification and protection. Being the central organ of metabolism, liver is always subjected to damages of various kinds. Liver stimulants and protectants are usually supplemented to support liver in detoxification and to improve the structural and functional integrity of the liver
Fortunatey, there are liver tonics containing extract of herbal ingredients that effectively improve liver functions thus ensuring better feed utilization, energy production and gamecock’s overall fighting performance..
A good liver tonic guards the liver against various toxins, chemical drugs and toxic effect of the feed contaminants and other conditions that put the liver directly or indirectly at risk. It helps in rapid regeneration of liver tissues and cells. It stimulates sluggish liver cells and restores liver functions. It improves feed metabolism and utilization.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on August 20, 2014 at 5:40 AM||comments (0)|
Pointing the gamefowl is all about timing. Here’s what the great Narragansette had to say about timing:
“Probably the most important feature of the feeding, as well as all other procedures in the conditioning program, is that of timing, or of having the fowl at their peak at the hour of battle. It is no good to have them "ready" or at their peak, two days or even two hours prior to battle. They must "peak" at the hour they enter the pit. Many features contribute to this condition, but from a feeding standpoint the important part is to have them "comin up" just prior to battle, and fresh. To accomplish this you must feed less (mostly cracked corn), excercise less, and rest more-- complete rest the last 72 hours prior to battle. Not over one-half the feed the eveing before fight day unless fought at night and then only one-half white of hard-boiled egg. Through this procedure, cocks will come up in weight, even on less feed, and be hungry and " a walkin' and talkin' in your hands" as they enter the pit.”
In our E-book Power Pointing we also gave much importance to timing, not only in feeding but also in stress management. We maintain that stress management is very important in pointing. Why, because, stress triggers the release of adrenaline, the hormone that turns the body into a magnificent machine.
Stress triggers the release of the hormone epinephrine or adrenaline known as the fight or flight hormone. We know what wonders adrenaline could do. This is why:
“Epinephrine stimulates breakdown of the storage of polysaccharide glycogen within liver cells and muscle cells. Glycogen de-polymerization releases the sugar glucose-1-phosphate, increasing the energy supply for cells. Thus, one effect of epinephrine, secreted from the adrenal gland during times of physical and mental stress, is the mobilization of fuel reserves.” (Campbell; Biology 4th Edition)
In layman’s language it means the release or rush of adrenaline triggers the mobilization of fuel reserves that are instantly converted to energy. Now you don’t have to wonder anymore why if there is emergency such as fire, you could lift and carry to safety valuable belongings that you certainly could not do during normal circumstances.
We might as well make stress work to our advantage by timing the resulting adrenaline rush to occur exactly at the time of the fight. Yes, at the time of the fight, not earlier, not later. Just like what the great Narragansette said. Like Narragansette, we really give utmost importance to timing.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on August 8, 2014 at 1:05 AM||comments (0)|
(To break the monotony, this blog has reckoned it wise to once in a while publish or republish articles by other authors. Below is written by Doc Andrew Bunan, who I consider a mentor in game fowl genetics.)
OF BLOODLINES AND PURE FOWLS
By Dr. Andrew Bunan
Bloodline – a byword in the Philippine game fowl industry. Why the fuss about it? Is it really that important to us?
There are those who say that performance is the name of the game. They don’t care what bloodline a game fowl belongs to, as long as it delivers the way they want it to deliver – in the pit and the brood pen, that is. In the end, though, they can’t help but mention the lineage of their fowl. Indirect, but all these are apparently centered on one thing: BLOODLINE.
While we say that performance should be the criterion for selecting a fighting fowl, we can’t help but consider the fact that particular fighting styles and degrees of gameness are associated with particular bloodlines. Why? Easy! Because these fowls have been selected for such, wittingly or unwittingly. Blood combinations would then determine the resulting fighting value of a fowl – the main determinant of how good a performance a particular game fowl could give.
Sometimes, we correlate fighting style and gameness with leg color. We say that dark legged fowls are brute, while light legged ones are stylish and careful. In the end though, we know that such are traits of particular bloodlines. So, there you are. For all we know, we can’t really do away with bloodlines. Besides, breeding is a lot easier with us relating particular fighting traits with particular bloodlines.
We say bloodline to mean different things. We may mean breed. Presently, there are bloodlines whose characteristics are so stable that birds breed true to type whenever used as brood fowls – they are able to stamp all their characteristics to their progeny, and this occurs generation upon generation. To top it all, these bloodlines started out as crosses. Bloodlines like these are actually breeds.
We may mean strains of what are supposed to be breeds. These strains have been produced through the isolation of trios coming from a particular breed. Through inbreeding and selection for traits of interest to the recipient breeder, voila! Strains galore!
My understanding of what strains are does not seem to agree with how we often come up with strains of a game chicken breed, though. From what I know, what we do is infuse some other blood to the bloodline we are supposed to maintain – we want it improved. Aiming for its improvement is no problem, as this is always our objective in breeding game chickens.
If we do infusion to perk our bloodline up, we are in fact doing crossbreeding. If we decide to make permanent the proportion of the genes contributed by the bloodline we infused, our end product is not a strain – it is, in fact, a new breed! For this reason, many of us suppose that we have a strain of a breed, when the fact is, we formed a new breed of game chicken.
Sometimes, we just want a particular brood fowl to be part of every fowl in our yard. So we line breed. The result? Some of us call it bloodline. Are we correct? Yes we are, because bloodline is defined as fowls that have a certain degree of blood relationship with one another.
Linebred birds, though, may not be as valuable genetic materials as those belonging to the breed and strain categories. The value of linebred chickens as brood fowls depends upon our original intention for doing such. If we backcross a brood fowl’s progeny to him or her continually until we are able to produce a generation that approximates the genetic composition and physical appearance of our original brood fowl, then the progeny is valuable as breeding materials, particularly those that contain higher percentages of the brood fowl’s blood.
On the other hand, if our primary aim is to allow a particular ace brood fowl to exert influence upon as many fowls as possible in generations younger than its own, the progeny may not necessarily be that valuable as brood fowls. In such a program, each of the latter offspring generations may contain only a quarter of the brood fowl’s blood.
There are other bloodline categories that we are not really that familiar with. Ever heard of variety? Family? Let us look at Claret. The reason for calling this bloodline as such is certainly because of its plumage color. Claret is wine that is dark red in color. Often, we say the typical Claret is wine red in color.
Did you know that there are grey and white Clarets as well? These seem off-tangent, but not fluke – they’re true-bloodied Clarets? What are they then? These are what we call varieties of the Claret breed. Greys and whites were used in forming Claret and, because of recombination, were certain to resurface generation after generation. What Claret breeders did was to set these off-types as bloodlines themselves. Being true-blue Clarets in blood, these have to be Clarets as well.
What about family? In animal breeding, we have the so-called full-sib and half-sib families. In other words, these are families composed of full siblings or half siblings. In our case, we normally refer to full-sib families – siblings with the same sire (father) and dam (mother).
In recapitulation, there are four bloodline categories where the products of our breeding may belong: breed, variety, strain and family. To which of these do our game chickens belong?
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on July 15, 2014 at 1:15 AM||comments (0)|
‘Sure many ways to gain.’
Discounts, Prizes and Services
at Gamevitz Suregain Club.
In line with its objectives of promoting the welfare and interest of the common sabungeros, Masang Nagmamanok (MANA) now operates an online club that will provide varied benefits to members.
When you are a member of MANA’s Gamevitz Suregain Club, you will surely gain something whether be it a discount of purchases at the shop; winning prizes from free raffle draws; or in terms of services and other benefits. At the same time you are helping the cause of of promoting the welfare and interest of the common sabungeros.
Suregain Club offers to members big discounts on game fowl both breeding materials and battle crosses from leading participating gamefarms.
Masang Nagmamanok (MANA) Inc is going full blast in serving the common sabungeros…Check out Gamevitz Suregain Club, now run and managed by MANA.
Gamevitz Suregain Club is formerly Gamevitz Singapore the online game fowl supplement shop. Now it had expanded its inventory to include farm equipment and game fowl accessories and game fowl themselves. Big discounts await members. There will also be free monthly and weekly raffle draws to members and other benefits. It is now run and managed by Masang Nagmamanok (MANA) Inc., an advocacy promoting the welfare and interest of the common sabungeros. Thus, it is oriented towards helping the common sabungeros.
Free Raffles for Members
Members of Gamevitz Discount Clubs will not only enjoy big discounts on many items at the store, they will also receive several benefits, among them are the monthly raffles for members for free.
For fairness, winners will be based on official and televised lottery draws. Winners will receive valuable prizes such as breeding materials and battle fowl.
The first monthly draw will be on Sept. 27, 2014. Prizes at stake are 6 heads of brood stags and battle stags.
Members will also enjoy premium services such as the online cocking school, seminars and publications; access to socialized breeding materials under the MANA game fowl dispersal program; big discounts on supplements and meds; and many more.
Club opens on Sept. 1, 2014. Registraion of members now going on. Join now.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on July 4, 2014 at 5:55 AM||comments (0)|
DW, a famous breeder in Tennessee, is not that popular to Filipino game fowl aficionados, maybe, because he fights only in gaff competitions. However, one man knows too well that DW’s roosters can as well win in the long knife. “Indeed, they have been winning consistently in the long knife,” he said, “including in the Philippines.”
Unfortunately, those winning with DWs bloodline in the Philippines are not making noise about it. Maybe, it’s their nature to be humble in victory or maybe, they just don’t like to call the attention of others to winning lines, they discovered.
This man, who knows DW’s bloodlines well, out of friendship, guided us to a potential gold mine. On our part, we also did our homework. We searched the web and indeed we found out that one of DW’s bloodlines, his shuffler really has some good reviews and commands sizable following.
So, clearly, if DW fights only in gaff as what our friend told us, then his bloodlines are versatile as they also win in the short and long knife, notwithstanding the fact they are not bred for these types of fighting. Others may call it prospecting, but to us, versatile bloodlines are gold waiting to be stricken.
Why? Of course that means they are complete and all around fighters because a bloodline with only a few strengths may win in one but not in all different types of weapons. DW’s bloodlines are like martial art masters who are dangerous and can kill with any weapon at hand.
Heeding our friend’s advice, we immediately set our eyes not only on the DW shuffler but also his roundheads and Albany.
Losing no time, RB Sugbo got all three of the DW bloodlines. Thanks friend, Vency Maranan of New Jersey.
Here are the DW's versatile bloodlines:
According to our friend and bloodline consultant Vency Maranan of New Jersey, the shuffler of DW originally came from Chet Layne. Subsequently, Chet got a trio from DW and produced nine males. The first two that Chet fought lost. But the remaining seven won four derbies in gaff, short knife, and long knife. This showed the versatility of their shuffler.
Chet won a 5-cock derby in Mcdowell, Kentucky using cocks from the same trio. He had two entries in that derby. One entry scored five straight wins, the other had 4 wins and a loss.
DW also won a couple of 4-cock derbies in Mississippi using his different bloodlines. DW has three main bloodlines—the roundhead, the Albany and the shuffler. Obviously, the shuffler is DW’s favorite as, according to Vency, 80-90% of DW’s roosters are black. DW likes the shuffler pure, but he also maintains a line infused with brownred.
It's a pity that all these wins were a thing of the past. These happened when cockfighting was still legal in these states. Now with the new anti-cockfighting laws throughtout the US, these wonderful bloodlines are endangered of being assigned to oblivion. We hope our move to bring them into the Philippines will help in preventing it from happening.
DW’s roundhead originated from Guy Whitmire, who was said to have supplied his RH bloodline to Oscar Akins. Later, DW infused the Lacy from Frank Ellis. He called this blend Little Leo. Later, still, the Hugh Norman Lacy was infused to the Little Leo to improve the line further. It is now known as the DW RH.
DW roundhead became a favorite of the late Filipino great breeder of game fowl, Capt. de Sagun. “The Captain” was by no means ignorant of what types of roosters could win in the long knife. If “The Captain” liked a certain bloodlines, then it must be something.
The Albany of DW came from the O’Connel Albany. One great historical contribution of the O’Connel line was its role in creating the famous yankee clippers bloodline.
The O’Connell Albany from DW is of Knox Moore line from Richard Kelly of the Coal Miner Mugs fame. The DW O’Connell Albany is light red with some lemon hackles, medium station, yellow legged and straight comb.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on June 29, 2014 at 3:15 AM||comments (0)|
Peruvian craze, mania or fever. Call it whatever you want. The fact is the Peruvian game fowl is gaining popularity in the Philippines. Many Filipino breeders are now raising the Peruvian, despite its costly price. Indeed, many would vow to the ability and value of the Peruvian.
A word of caution though, to Peruvian breeders and would be breeders. The Peruvian in general is just like most other types of roosters, there are good Peruvs, there are bum. The tendency to break high and ability to cut well are the main assets of the Peruvian. Good Peruvians break high and cut well. But even the best Peruvians have at least four obvious defects. Although to some Peruvs are beautiful, to many standards, Peruvian fowl are very ugly--big head, hunch back, some with very long neck, some with bull neck, big feet, ugly feathers some even naked etc. How to get rid of these defects while keeping the two good traits is the challenge.
Mathematics is against the Peruvians. Four or more negative traits and only two positive is negative. So why breed the Peruvian? Some raise the Peruv for status symbol. It is expensive and not easy to acquire. Others raise the Peruvian because it’s the “in thing.” Others really believe that Peruvians is such an excellent specimen of a game fowl. Meanwhile good breeders breed the Peruvian because of the challenge.
That’s right the challenge. To me breeding the Peruv is only for real breeders, not for ‘maters,’ as Ben Dimaano would like to call them. Breeding the American fowl is too easy. There are so many near perfect specimens of American game cocks available, that anyone of us “maters” may be able produce super individuals by just acquiring expensive breeding stock of American game from good breeders. On the other hand, when you breed the Peruvian it is almost like starting from scratch. You have to work your way up. With the Peruvian you have to know what you’re doing. You have to be a true breeder. That’s the hardest part. But, that makes the Peruvs fascinating.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on June 20, 2014 at 4:05 AM||comments (0)|
In 2003-2004 I was researching for an article on the lemons for Pit Games magazine when I myself became fascinated with the different lemon strains. The result was not just a most comprehensive account of the history of the lemons but also my initiation to breeding them. I interviewed such lemon luminaries as Paeng Araneta, Mayor Juancho Aguirre, Lance dela Torre and Joe Laurenio. From these gentlemen I also got beautiful specimens of the lemon. From these materials came about the Sugbo lemons.
The Sugbo lemon was result of the mixing the lemon guapo, the batsoy, Lance's and the green legged 84. Then we put in a dash of the blue face. That’s when I set it as a bloodline. The composition has remained more or less the same for the past five years. It’s about time I give it a valuable infusion of new blood. This new blood will come from an old line. (Read what old lines contribute)
Infusion is the bringing in of a new blood and then slowly breeding it out. Traditional or preservationist breeders find infusion a useful technique. But, to practical breeders infusion is very time-consuming. And the idea of spending for a new bloodline that you will breed out eventually sounds silly from the point of view of a practical breeder. However, even practical breeders like me, resort to infusion from time to time. The purpose of infusion is what is called “shot in the arm.” After generations of keeping a bloodline pure, the genetic variation will become limited and dormant, such that an injection of new genes will awaken the bloodline. By slowly breeding out the new blood, the original bloodline will be restored almost to its old composition, but with more genetic variations.
Presently the Sugbo lemon will undergo a vital infusion with the acquisition by RB Sugbo GT of an imported old-time O’Connell Albany line (shown in photo below this article). The O’Connell Albany from DWn is among the latest addition to the RB Sugbo gene banks. It is of Knox Moore line acquired by DW from Richard Kelly of the Coal Miner Mugs fame. In turn I acquired it from DW through the intervention of my friend Vency Maranan of New Jersey. He is our consultant on acquisition of imported bloodlines.
We foresee that the O’Connell albany will further add bottom to the sugbo lemon. It will also add more power and make the bloodline a little more “leady.” (Read about the difference between infusion and intervention)
The image below is of the O' Connell Albany which was acquired by RB Sugbo GT from DW of Tennessee, USA.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on June 16, 2014 at 5:55 AM||comments (3)|
Every game fowl breeder knows that he can either inbreed or cross breed. And, he should know the advantages and disadvantages, as well as the dangers of the respective methods. But, mostly, I forget about inbreeding. Yes, I don’t inbreed, unless the advantages are so obvious. I resort to inbreeding only when a family is so good that it is very difficult and thus too costly to find a better outside blood to improve the family any further. Or, when effecting .progressive sequence, a concept we will discuss in one of the succeeding chapters.
If ever I resort to inbreeding, I do it only for one, or at most, two generations. I find continuous inbreeding for more than two generations unwise. I reckon the risks out weight the possible benefits. Inbreeding aims at purifying desirable characteristics so that individuals become homozygous of these desired traits to increases the probability that these traits will be passed on to the next generation. Inbreeding, however, may result in in- breeding depression. Offspring may become small, weak, sickly and even downright dunghill. Inbreeding is delicate and tricky. It will take precise and accurate skills of the breeder in order to avert a breakdown of the line being inbred.
So, the purpose of inbreeding is to purify traits. The question, therefore, is can we purify traits without resorting to inbreeding? Of course we can. So, we can forget about inbreeding.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on June 10, 2014 at 1:05 AM||comments (0)|
What are old bloodlines for, aside from historical value? Old bloodlines are not beautiful enough, and not good enough for today’s long knife competitions, but they have uncompromised gameness and extreme endurance which most new bloodlines lack.
Why? Because these oldies were bred for the gaff, whereas our new bloodlines in the Philippines were bred for the long knife.
So, maybe it wouldn’t hurt if from time to time you go breeding back to old reliable lines and give your lines the much needed dose of gameness and endurance. These two attributes are necessary in winning closely contested fights even in the LK.
Another theory in favor of breeding back to the old reliable is that the genetic composition of these old bloodlines, are very much different from the new ones we have today. If we breed one new bloodline to another new bloodline the genetic make up of the resulting offspring is not much different. On the other hand, breeding new to old will result in more genetic diversity. Breeders and geneticists would tell us that greater diversity in a gene pool is desirable. This increases the chances of a nick. Remember inbreeding and crossbreeding?
We somewhat subscribe to this theory. Below are a couple of old bloodlines that we know of. We are hoping a small dose of these bloodlines will give our existing lines the shot in the arms.
E.H. Hulsey Pumpkin.
Many of today’s gold bloodlines are believed to have originated from the Yellow Birchens or Gingers. The early reference to their development in America was attributed to E.H Hulsey the "The Earl", not the “Duke.”
E.H fought these fowls along with Jack Walton and Henry Wortham. Subsequently Wil Allen also fought them. Likewise, Sweater McGinnis and then many others like Sam Bigham. Many confuse Sam Bigham with Roy Bingham. Today Bingham Gold is the more well known. But some time ago, Sam Bigham's golds were well known as superior cocks in Texas.
Roy Bingham and later Larry Carter and many others followed breeding the golds. But it was to E.H. Hulsey that the development of the modern day golds should be attributed.
Our golds came from Vency Maranan who in turn got them from Wildfoot farm. This line will give our ponkans the boost.
Dan O'Connell Albany.
One great historical contribution of this line was its role in creating the famous yankee clippers bloodline. Ours is as bred by Doyle Watson (Steel Magnolia) of Tennessee. The O’Connell Albany from Doyle Watson is of Knox Moore line acquired by Doyle from Richard Kelly of the Coal Miner Mugs fame. Our O’Connell Albany is light red with some lemon hackles, medium station, yellow legged and straight comb. This line might be good to give our Sugbo lemon that “heavier leady feel” and bottom.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on May 30, 2014 at 11:40 PM||comments (0)|
(To break the monotony, this blog has reckoned it wise to once in a while publish or republish articles by other authors. Below is written by famous American breeder Jerry Lawrence and is part of his article published on Pit Games. In this piece Lawrence talks about the dom game fowl, a bloodline that he himself breeds.)
By Jerry B. Lawrence
In the USA we call these beautiful barred birds "Dom" which is a shortened form of "Dominique." In the Philippines they are known as "Bulik". In Spanish countries they are called "Bulico",which refers to a colored Dom, or "Dominico", which refers to a black and white Dom. In England and Ireland they are called "Crele", which refers to a colored Dom, or "Cuckoo", which refers to a black and white Dom. What makes them "Dom" is the presence of a "barring" gene which expresses barred or zig-zag spots of color caused by a patterned inhibition (blocking) of color pigmentation. The color in the pattern may be inhibited to pure white bars or to a lighter shade of the birds natural genetic color. A totally white bird may carry the barring gene, but, with no color pigment present to inhibit, the barring cannot be expressed until the white bird is bred to colored fowl.
The American Dom
In the 1800's the Dom fowl in America were rooted in stock from England and Ireland. In the 1900's some breeders used Spanish bloodlines such as the famous "Quatro Telas" Spanish Doms. These barred fowl have been infused with Whitehackle, Sid Taylor, Mug and other non-barred bloodlines, so at this point in time I prefer to call them "American Dom," as they are no longer an English Dom or Irish Dom. Following is a summary of some of the many families of Dom fowl that have been popular in the USA. These Dom families have won many mains and derbies including being used in the Orlando Tournament by Mr. J. D. Gay and Mr. E. W. Law.
* O'Neal Dom: Tom O'Neal of Kentucky. Late 1800's, probably Irish. Foundation for several Dom families.
* Gee Dom (Georgia Dom): Dr. James Gee. Mid 1800's. Said to be the oldest Dom family in USA and made from a cross of Sumatra and Irish Pyle, followed by infusion of Gleezen Whitehackle.
* Gay Dom: J. D. Gay. O'Neal Dom and Sid Taylor
* Sure Shot Dom: Quinn Robb of Missouri ( originator ) and Scott Gay of Tennessee. Minton Dom and other bloodlines. Called "Sure Shot" because they would often kill the opponent on the first fly. Presently being bred by Howard Gay of Tennessee and Lester Belt Jr. of Oklahoma.
* Kentucky Dom: Dr. Frymire. Early 1900's. O'Neal Dom, Mug, and many other infusions.
* Minton Dom: Col. Minton. Early 1900's.
* Mingus Dom: F. B. Mingus. Mid 1900's. Reported to have used Cuban Dom in the makeup of this family. Mr. Mingus also had Sid Taylor and Traveler which were most likely blended to the Cuban Dom.
* Chappell Dom: Chappell family of South Carolina and Alabama. English white tassell, Spanish, Mingus Dom, Sure Shot Dom. Presently being bred by Kris Chappell of Alabama, the 6th generation of the Chappell family breeders.
* Darnell Doms: Fought by Harry Charles in the mid 1900s, winning many major circuit derbies
* Kimbrell Dom: Sam Kimbrell of Nebraska and Idaho. Mid 1900's. Infusion of Hammond Gordon in 1939. Bobby Boles bred a Kimbrell hen to the BB blacks.
* Sullivan Dom: Also used by Bobby Boles.
American Dom in the Philippines:
* Cavite Dom: Captain Joe De Sagon of Cavite has been breeding American Dom since the early 1980's, obtaining the original stock from a small breeder in Georgia who was related to a man that worked with the Captain in Alaska. These Doms from Georgia had large heads and tall station. The Captain has used Persian type of non-barred bloodlines such as Hatch and Kelso to maintain this family. Note that Captain De Sagon is recognized as being one of the best breeders in the Philippines and has a high-percentage win record with these Doms since 1986. Presently the Captain still raises a few as a hobby but does not sell them.
* Many breeders in the Philippines are using American Dom breeding stocks from Kris Chappell, Brian Corkren, JBL Farm, Howard Gay, and other US sources.
Breeding Dom Gamefowl
Good breeding practice for producing high quality Dom gamefowl will be to maintain a balance between the Sumatra and Persian characteristics from the best stocks that you have available to you. If you breed too strong to the Persian type of fowl (for example Whitehackle type fowl), the quick killing ability of the Dom may be lost. If you breed too strong to Sumatra type fowl (for example black fowl, or too much Dom to Dom), you may lose gameness, or your fowl may become nervous and wild due to low testosterone. Note that Doms have fallen from popularity from time to time because of problems maintaining their gameness and mental stability. Now that Doms are popular and more commercial breeding is taking place, the quality of the mass Dom population may decline.
If you have a Dom breeding program or plan to breed Doms, I recommend that you make a Sumatra line and a Persian line, and use these two lines for crossing to each other ( I do not do this, but do as I say, not as I do). The Sumatra line, for example, could be a barred breeding infused with black toppy. The Persian line, for example, could be a barred breeding infused with Butcher and straight-comb Hatch. These will be good for competition, but you can also use an Oriental dosage for competition using a good pea-comb bloodline such as Albany or Boston Roundhead. Do not breed willy-nilly without a plan, and pay attention to your female lineage.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on May 24, 2014 at 1:25 AM||comments (0)|
Isa sa mga katanungan na madalas kong natatanggap dahil ang problemang ito ay madalas ding nararanasan, ay kung ano ang sanhi at ano ang dapat gawin sa manok na walang ganang kumain.
Hindi naman mahirap unawaain ang mga maaring sanhi at madali rin siguro itong maagapan. Una alamin natin kung anu-ano ang mga sanhi ng kawalan ng gana ng manok sa pagkain.
Siguro may iba pa, ngunit sa ngayon tatlo ang nasa isip ko:
1. Stressed ang manok
2. May sakit ang manok
3. May bulate , hanep o kuto ang manok
Ang sakit at parasites ay sanhi rin ng stress ngunit ipinaghiwa-hiwalay ko ang mga ito sa ibang uri upang mas madaling maintindihan.
Bukod sa sakit at parasites, ang iba pang madalas na sanhi ng stress sa manok ay:
1. Pagkahapo dahil sa biyahe o ano mang dahilan;
2. Naninibago sa lugar, sa pakain, o sa tao;
3. Klima at panahon.
Pinagbuklod ko ang mga ito at hiniwalay sa sakit at parasites dahil magkaiba ang kanilang solusyon.
Ang sakit at parasites ay “medicine matters” samantalang ang ibinuklod ko ay ang mga “handling concerns”.
Kung may sakit agad bigyan ng ukol na gamot. Ganon din kung may hanep at kuto. Parehong madaling mabili ang mga gamot para dito.
Ano naman kaya ang solusyon kung ang sanhi ay ibang stressors tulad ng paninibago sa lugar, pagkain at tao; pagkapagod; o kaya'y pag-iiba ng klima at sama ng panahon?
Nangyayari ang mga ito kung ang manok ay bago sa atin. Kaya dapat pagdating ng bagong manok ay hayaan muna natin sa isang lugar sa loob ng apat hanggang pitong araw. Sa loob ng panahong ito huwag nating masyadong pakialaman ang manok. Hayaan itong maka-adjust sa panibagong kapaligiran.
Sa loob ng panahong ito huwag ibahin ang patuka. Alamin sa pinagkunan ng manok kung ano ang kanilang pinapakain at yon din ang ibigay. Pagkatapos ng apat hanggang pitong araw, pagkatapos na maka-adjust ang manok sa panibagong kapaligiran, saka lang natin unti-unting palitan ang pakain at iangkop sa ating sistema.
Kasabay dito ay purgahin at paliguan ng anti-parasite shampoo ang manok. Kapag ang manok ay naka-recover na sa panibagong kapaligiran at pakain, saka lamang ito dahan-dahang i-handle, hawak-hawakan at himas-himasin.
Una sinanay natin ang manok sa bagong kapaligiran. Pangalawa sinanay natin ito sa bagong pakain. Pangatlo ipakilala natin sa manok ang tao na mag-aalaga sa kanya.
Sa ganitong paraan ay maiiwasan na kasabay na maranasan ng manok ang tatlong magkakaibang sanhi ng stress.
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on May 15, 2014 at 1:05 AM||comments (0)|
My friend Ben Dimaano, a game fowl breeder, has a very straightforward definition of a breeder. According to him, a breeder is one who understands genetics, has specific goals in his breeding program and approaches the goals systematically, and can breed true to type according to his goals. In short, he knows what he is doing.
I told him, if that’s the case only a very few would qualify to be called a breeder. What will it make the great majority of the members of the so-called GBA’s? Well, Ben answered: “They are maters.” They just mate game fowl hoping to get a nick or to duplicate the fowl of the person they got their materials from.
Not that I agree entirely to his definition. But, I think if we breed the game fowl, it’s true we need fundamental knowledge in genetics. Of course we don’t need it if we are into breeding just for the gambling aspect of cockfighting or for the bragging rights of being called a breeder kuno. We just buy expensive materials from known breeders and propagate them. There are so many rich kids doing this.
What we need fundamental knowledge in genetics for is in order to enjoy and get satisfaction from what we are doing. We cannot enjoy doing something we are ignorant of. Basic knowledge will enable us to set genetic objectives. Then, we can determine whether we had succeeded or failed with regards to our genetic objectives. Such objectives could be simple like producing chickens with straight comb. Or complex like combining different fighting traits to produce roosters with power, speed, flight and shuffle. Without essential knowledge or if we are ignorant of genetics we will not know how to start toward our goal. We will not even be able to formulate genetic objectives.
Genetics, the science that governs reproduction of genes, is a complicated study on how genes are passed on from one generation to the next. The complexity of genetics is one reason why game fowl breeding is not a simple matter. If we believe Ben, to be a “mater” is much simpler.
Because of the complexity of genetics, no breeder, regardless of ability and resources, can be certain of the outcome of a mating. Because of this, breeding is regarded as the highest form of involvement in the chicken sport. According to Ben the reason why GBAs prosper, is because everybody wants to be called breeder.
Yes, it is not easy to become a successful breeder. But this should not discourage us from taking up the challenge and perhaps the satisfaction in creating bloodlines of our own name and liking. Genetics is important. But it doesn’t mean we have to earn a master or doctorate in genetics in order to be able to breed the game fowl. Basic knowledge in genetics and a lot of common sense would be enough. Basic knowledge and common sense are enough to set one up as a practical breeder.
For your conditioning supplements, visit gamevitz.com
|Posted by Rey Bajenting on April 28, 2014 at 1:10 AM||comments (0)|
Beware because most of the people who seem to like you, do not like you at all.
On FB not all who click like to your posts really like you. Some just want you to continue making an ass of yourself. In real life it is called sarcasm or mockery.
There are also those who keep on “liking” without even thinking, just to endear themselves to you. We call them “sipsip.” They are dangerous because behind your back they will scorn you just to make “sipsip” to whoever they are with at the moment.
When money talks, everybody listens. When money listens, everybody talks. But, not everybody though because there are those who don’t like your money, and don’t like the way you talk even more.
In cockfighting, don’t feel you are the king, because you might have lost more fights than you won. If you have selective memory and remember only the fights you won, the other guys also have selective memory, they remember only those fights you lost.
Don’t brag about how good your bloodlines are, as if they will not lose a fight. Because for every one or two sipsips who believe you, there are ten or twenty who are laughing at you.
A sipsip is one who turns deaf ears and closes his eyes to the failing and inadequacy of his amo, boss, sir, agalon, until his ass got kicked by his amo, boss, sir, agalon.
We can’t blame these sipsips though because naturally they cannot survive without the support of his amo, boss, sir, agalon, or the institution he controls. In the sabungan they are actually nobodies, but strut around feeling celebrities because they supposedly belong to the elite circle of their amo, boss, sir, agalon.
And, to the sipsips careful too. Because your amo, boss, sir, agalon isn’t necessarily in love with you. You are but just snacks to feed his oversized ego.